Applicability of human rights in international investment regime

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Foreign direct investment (FDI) involves a private investor from one state (the home state) investing in another state (the host state). Foreign investors may also engage in private activities that have a negative impact on the residents, locals of the area. For instance, mining projects may have long-term environmental effects. Investment protection standards might obstruct the host state from enacting novel regulatory measures to safeguard the public interest in a variety of fields.