In her annual State of the Union Address, Ursula von der Leyen named the countries which have to join the European Union as soon as possible. Among them, President von der Leyen highlighted Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. The potential candidacy of these three post-Soviet states is naturally enhanced by the Russian-Ukrainian conflict on the EU’s immediate border. On the other hand, the Western Balkan (WB) countries – who had waited long for EU membership – only mentioned by the European Commission (EC) President as an unspecified block. This tells a lot about the EU’s own commitment to this region.
The international political and economic alliances are essential parts of the globalisation process that have spanned all world regions. Nowadays – even if there is a general need for nation states to maintain the balance of interests of supranational organisations and those who make them up – states alone may face hardships in interest advocacy.
In the light of the current Russian invasion in Ukraine, we should keep our eyes on the East. International political and economic alliances have always been essential for nation states to ensure stability and foster prosperity. Regional economic and military alliances became inevitable after World Wars, especially for Europe where interdependence of states was higher than e.g. in the USA.
The rapid technological improvements and the increased digitisation have caused an advancing dependence on information and communication technology (ICT) services. Moreover, such services are getting more complex involving a devastating number of stakeholders in cyberspace, demanding the appropriate level of organisational cybersecurity and resilience capabilities.