From Allies to Competitors – The End of Franco-German Cooperation?

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The Elysée Treaty, which laid the foundations for Franco-German cooperation after the Second World War, was signed on 22nd January 1963 by French premier Charles de Gaulle and West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. The treaty’s provisions were a major contribution to the continent being led jointly and in close symbiosis by two of the EU’s largest countries. To put it more simply, the EU was built on French selfconsciousness and German guilt.