The Russian government engages in malicious cyber activities both passively and actively. This approach allows independent and state-sponsored threat actors freely conduct cyberattacks, including cyber espionage, sabotage, and ransomware attacks against non-Russian geolocations and entities, comprising citizens, for-profit companies, public organisations, and governments, respectively conduct social and political activities.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Georgia attained autonomy but was soon embroiled in civil war. Additionally, two territories that are currently seized by Russian military forces, Abkhazia and so-called South Ossetia, were lost. The independence obtained by means of struggle was seriously threatened by the nation’s challenging socio economic situation, elite corruption, and high crime rate in the country.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) involves a private investor from one state (the home state) investing in another state (the host state). Foreign investors may also engage in private activities that have a negative impact on the residents, locals of the area. For instance, mining projects may have long-term environmental effects. Investment protection standards might obstruct the host state from enacting novel regulatory measures to safeguard the public interest in a variety of fields.